Proposed UN Global Roadmap Shows Universal Access to Clean Energy by 2030, Energy News, ET EnergyWorld
New Delhi: Everyone in the world could have access to clean, affordable energy in the next nine years if countries start investing ahead of a major ministerial meeting on 21-25, announcing energy plans for the decade, according to new UN reports give.
Around $ 35 billion of annual investment could give 759 million people access to electricity, and $ 25 billion a year could help 2.6 billion people access clean cooking by 2030.
The investment required is only a small fraction of the total billions of dollars in global energy investment required, but would bring tremendous benefits to a third of the world’s population.
The energy access recommendations are part of a proposed global roadmap of concrete actions to achieve clean, affordable energy for all by 2030 and net zero emissions by 2050, launched on Friday by the United Nations to lay the foundation for a great planned mobilization to lay the commitments this year.
National and city governments, foundations and corporations are expected to announce significant commitments in the form of “Energy Pacts” at the ministerial forums June 21-25 to advance action for a high-level energy dialogue and summit to be convened by the UN in September.
Key energy compact commitments and partnerships for clean power access and cooking solutions are expected to be announced during the June forums co-hosted by thirty Global Champion countries.
“The ambitious energy pacts presented by countries, companies, cities and many other partners are a spark of hope to achieve a just transition to sustainable energy and thereby improve the lives of millions of people,” said Dialog Secretary- General Liu Zhenmin, UN Under-Secretary-General for Economic and Social Affairs.
“But this is only the beginning and we need a lot more commitment and concrete action in this year’s High-level Dialogue on Energy in order to get where we need to be by 2030.”
The proposed roadmap, which will feed into the high-level energy dialogue in September and feed into the political declaration resulting from the summit, is based on reports from five technical working groups that have brought together over 160 experts since March. Headed by 16 UN and international organizations, grouped according to thematic priorities.
The five priority areas are: energy access; Energy transition; Enabling the Sustainable Development Goals (SDGs) through inclusive, fair energy transition; Innovation, technology and data; as well as finance and investments.
In order to achieve the goals of the SDGs and the Paris Agreement, the energy transition must become a transformative effort, a system overhaul, suggests the proposed roadmap.
The reports recommend rapidly increasing the available solutions to achieve 8,000 GW of renewables by 2030 from the current 2,800 GW and increasing the average annual rate of increase in energy efficiency from the current 0.8 percent to 3 percent.
By 2025, 100 countries should set targets for 100 percent renewable energy, and there should be no new coal-fired power plants in the pipeline worldwide. The share of fossil fuels in the global mix would decrease from the current 60 percent to 30 percent by 2030.
The proposed roadmap also calls for countries to phase out coal by 2030 in more affluent countries that are members of the Organization for Economic Co-operation and Development (OECD), and by 2040 in non-OECD countries, as many developing countries will need assistance for this process.
By 2050, 92 percent of electricity should come from renewable technologies.
“The energy turnaround is underway, but 759 million people still live without electricity and the opportunities that go with it,” said Achim Steiner, administrator of the UN development program and co-chair of the high-level dialogue.
“It is one of the most blatant examples of inequality in our world today. Affordable access to clean energy for all is the basis for a quick and fair global energy transition.”
“At the coming ministerial forums, we will see bold commitments in the form of energy pacts, as well as major financial commitments from partner institutions, and we need more of them to ensure we leave no one behind and enable a just and inclusive transition.” net zero by 2050, “said its co-chair, Damilola Ogunbiyi, UN Secretary-General’s Special Envoy on Sustainable Energy for All.
“This is a unique opportunity to provide universal access to energy by leveraging new partnerships and technologies and funding innovations that can create a cleaner, better and fairer economic future.”
The reports show that a fair and inclusive energy transition can create 30 million new jobs in sustainable energy by 2030 and 42 million and entrepreneurs by 2050.